Using the chkdsk utility

     

Windows has included the Chechồng Disk tool for a long time now. With it, you can kiểm tra the partitions và drives in your computer for disk errors, bad sectors & so on. You can also use this tool to repair those errors & have sầu your drives working without problems again. The tool is also known by its command-line name: chkdsk. Here is how khổng lồ use Cheông chồng Disk in Windows 7:


NOTE: For Windows 10 see Test & fix errors on your drives with Error Checking (chkdsk) in Windows 10. To use the tool covered in this article, you need to lớn be logged in as an administrator.

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How to lớn start Cheông xã Disk in Windows 7

First open Windows Explorer. Go lớn Computer và then khổng lồ Hard Disk Drives. Right-cliông chồng on the drive or partition that you want to lớn check for errors and, in the right-cliông xã thực đơn, choose Properties.


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In the Properties window for the selected drive, go khổng lồ the Tools tab & look for the Error-checking section. There, click the Cheông xã now button.


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The Check Disk window is opened.

How to check a disk for errors in Windows 7 with Cheông xã Disk

In the Check Disk window for the selected drive sầu you can select any of these options:

"Automatically fix tệp tin system errors" - you should always select this option. Otherwise, the tool won"t fix the issues that it finds, it only reports them."Scan for and attempt recovery of bad sectors" - it performs an in-depth scan that attempts to find and repair physical errors on the hard disk itself. When you kiểm tra this option, the scan takes much longer khổng lồ complete, but more problems are identified & fixed, if they exist.

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When you are done selecting the options you prefer, press Start.


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Cliông chồng the "See details" arrow khổng lồ view more detailed information about the steps that were involved và the results.


NOTE: Sometimes, when you try to lớn scan a partition that is in use but can be dismounted, Windows 7 gives you the option to "Force a dismount." Cliông chồng the button with this name và the selected partition is dismounted and made inaccessible to Windows applications while the scan is performed.


Once the scan is over & the appropriate repairs are performed, the partition is mounted again by Windows 7, & it can be used.

How to lớn schedule a disk kiểm tra when Windows 7 cannot kiểm tra the drive sầu because it is in use and it cannot be dismounted

If you select a disk that is in use, like the partition where Windows 7 is installed, you are prompted to schedule the disk check for the next time you restart the computer. This happens because there are many running processes using files on the selected drive sầu and it cannot be unmounted by Windows 7. If you encounter a warning that "Windows can"t kiểm tra the disk while it"s in use," your options are khổng lồ click "Schedule disk check" or to Cancel the scan.

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We recommkết thúc that you schedule the disk check and restart your Windows 7 computer. When it restarts, you have sầu only 10 seconds khổng lồ press any key lớn cancel the operation. We recommkết thúc that you vì not press any key on your keyboard and allow the disk check lớn be performed.


Chuyên mục: Tin Tức