Hướng dẫn tải và cài đặt dota 2


Wondering how to lớn play Dota 2? Valve’s MOBA is notoriously one of the most complex games in existence, but don’t let that put you off. No, really – you don’t need lớn know the intricacies of each anh hùng, how to lớn build all the items, or why skilled players sometimes drop their belongings on the floor on purpose. You can learn as you go, & have fun in the process – promise.

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Getting started as a new Dota 2 player is much more welcoming now than it used to be, thanks to lớn a recently revamped new player experience, and a stellar fan-created Dota 2 tutorial, to make your first, wobbly steps as a new Dota 2 player a little easier.

So whether you’re a League of Legends player curious about what goes on in the neighbour’s yard, a recent watcher of the Dota 2 anime looking to st& in the scaly boots of Davion the Dragon Knight, or simply want a better understanding of one of the biggest games in esports, please fasten your seatbelt và keep your arms & legs inside the vehicle at all times – we’re going to learn how lớn play Dota 2.

What is Dota 2?

Dota 2 is an online multiplayer game where you and four teammates choose from a roster of different heroes &, over the course of each match, gradually grow in strength and power until you’re strong enough khổng lồ take down the enemy team’s Ancient – the glowing building in their trang chủ base.


Of course, the opposing team has their eye on your Ancient, too, and wants khổng lồ smash it khổng lồ smithereens. So the whole match is a strategic balancing act, as you decide what you need to bởi to gain advantage for your team, while also making sure the enemy doesn’t snowball out of control.

Many millions of hours of brainpower have sầu gone inkhổng lồ figuring out the optimal ways lớn vì this, so there’s plenty to lớn study – but, crucially, none of your teammates or enemies know how to lớn play optimally, so really, it’s all about punishing your enemies’ mistakes while trying not lớn make too many of your own.

Dota 2 map

The Dota 2 bản đồ is divided into two sides, Radiant và Dire. Radiant is on the left, & it’s a verdant, idyllic paradise. Over the river that runs diagonally from top left to bottom right, you’ll find the Dire lands on the right side of the maps, all covered in bugs and stuff.


The map is also split inkhổng lồ three lanes – top, middle, and bottom. The area between the lanes contains camps of neutral creeps, và is known as the jungle. Each team has three towers running down their side of each lane, which automatically attack enemy creeps và heroes within a certain radius. We’ll explain what creeps are in a bit, stay with us.

The towers closest to the river are called tier one towers; tier two towers are further baông chồng, halfway down the lane, and tier three towers stand at the start of each lane, in your base. There’s also a set of two tier four towers defending the Ancient itself, which sits in the middle of your base.

Tucked bachồng in the bottom left & top right corners is the fountain, which heals your health & mamãng cầu over time, & rapidly attacks any foes that dare venture inside. This is also where you can find the Base Shop, from which you can purchase most items. You’ll also see your faithful courier hanging out here; if you purchase an item from the shop while you’re away from the base, you can commvà your courier khổng lồ haul it all the way khổng lồ you – just be careful not to put it in harm’s way, as it takes a few minutes lớn respawn if it dies.


Heroes can teleport lớn towers và outposts using a TP.. scroll. You start withone of these, and gain one every time you die. You can purchase more from the shop – try not lớn get caught without them, as you can also teleport khổng lồ the fountain when you need to lớn. However, TPhường scrolls take a certain amount of time lớn channel, so it’s possible khổng lồ have your TPhường cancelled by an enemy if they catch you.

Offlane và safelane

A quichồng note; your teammates will refer lớn the top, middle, và bottom lanes very often, but you will also hear the terms offlanesafelane. The top lane is the Radiant offlane and the Dire safelane, và the bottom lane is the Radiant safelane & the Dire offlane. This is because the map is not symmetrical. The safelane is, well, safer, because your team’s tier one tower is closer khổng lồ where the creeps meet. The offlane is the opposite – the creeps meet closer to lớn the enemy’s tier one tower.



When discussing the bản đồ, it’s important to note that you can’t actually see what’s happening everywhere – only where you have vision. Everything else is covered by the fog of war. Vision is also blocked by trees, và you can’t see up hills. Vision is shared between allies – anything your team can see, you can, too.

Vision is provided by many things, including friendly creeps, heroes, buildings, couriers, & obhệ thống wards. Placing observer wards on the maps is a crucial part of the game, as they provide vital information to your team. The minimap on the bottom left is a handy way khổng lồ see, at a glance, which enemy heroes you have vision of, & which are missing from the map, presumably up lớn no good.



Runes spawn periodically on the bản đồ, và provide bonuses khổng lồ the player or team that pichồng them up. There are four rune spots on the map; two in the river, and one in each team’s jungle.

At the start of the game – 0:00 – Bounty Runes, which granta gold bonus khổng lồ all teammates, spawn in each rune spot. After this, they spawn in the jungle rune spots only, every three minutes.

At 2:00 and 4:00 minutes inkhổng lồ the game, Water Runes spawn at both rune spots in the river. These runes instantly restore 100 health & 80 mana to lớn whoever picks them up.

Power-up runesspawn randomly in one of the twoward spots in the river; they begin spawning at 6:00 into lớn the game and then every two minutes after that.

Day & night cycle

There’s a day/night cycle in Dota, too. During the preparation phase before the start of each match, it’s night-time, until the horn sounds at 00:00 & it becomes day. Then, every five sầu minutes, the bản đồ switches from day khổng lồ night or vice versa. During the night, vision is decreased for the majority of heroes.


Some units are invisible thanks lớn items or skills, và can only be seen with True Sight, which is provided by towers, items (Sentry Wards, Dust of Appearance, Gem of True Sight) và some anh hùng abilities. Of course, there are also certain abilities that make invisible units immune lớn True Sight, just lớn make things even more complica- uh, fun.

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Dota 2 Creeps

Creeps – non-nhân vật units – are the main source of gold & experience in the game. When a creep dies, it gives experience lớn its nearby enemies. Crucially, you only get gold from the creep if you deliver the killing blow, otherwise known as the last hit. You have khổng lồ watch the health bar carefully và eyeball the exact moment to thwaông chồng the creep so you can secure this, which is a skill all on its own. You can also last hit your own friendly creeps to lớn prevent your enemies from getting the money from the last hit, while also halving the experience they get from the creep. This is called denying.

Lane creeps

Lane creeps are allied with each team, & spawn in waves every thirty seconds from the barracks in your base. They charge down their lanes towards the enemy Ancient, & will attack any enemy unit in range. They’re not particularly fearsome, but while you’re weak at the start of the game, you don’t want a whole wave attacking you at once, biting your ankles lượt thích a swarm of angry toddlers.

They come in three flavours: Ranged, Melee, and Siege. Siege screeps are catapults that spawn every tenth wave; they have high health và magic resistance và vì chưng significant damage khổng lồ buildings.

If your barracks are destroyed in a particular lane, the opposing team begins lớn spawn super creeps in that lane. They’re stronger, và grant less gold and exp. Once all your barracks are destroyed, the enemy will spawn mega creeps, which are even harder to lớn take down.

Neutral creeps

Neutral creeps are hostile to lớn both sides. They chill in the jungle (that’s the area between the lanes) minding their own business, watching clouds and munching grass in their camps until some hero comes along và whacks ‘em over the head. Neutral creeps spawn at 01:00 and then respawn if the creep camp is empty at the second the clock hits xx:00, for the rest of the game. There are several different types of neutral creeps that can spawn in each camp. Ancient camps spawn ancient creeps, which are particularly powerful – don’t try taking these down until you’re svào.



Roshan is a big ol’ beast hanging out in his own special pit in the middle of the river. He’s a neutral creep, but he’s incredibly difficult to take down, often requiring several heroes to lớn vị so in a speedy fashion. When killed, he drops the Aegis of the Immortal, which is an tòa tháp that grants the bearer a second life; if they die, they are resurrected in place after a short delay. The Aegis expires after five sầu minutes. Roshan also drops additional items depending on how many times he’s been killed already in that game.

Dota 2 heroes

The vast number of available heroes is what ensures every single game of Dota 2 presents a chất lượng challenge. Certain heroes are natural counters khổng lồ other heroes, và certain heroes are more suited to lớn particular playstyles.

You’ve got melee, ranged, heroes that vày high damage with their right-click, và heroes that use spells to devastating effect. As you accumulate experience throughout the game, you cấp độ up, & can assign a point to one of your abilities. Every nhân vật has a powerful ultimate that becomes available lớn skill at cấp độ six.

While you’re starting out, we suggest you piông xã one anh hùng to lớn learn the game with, before branching out. Wondering who lớn pick? We’ve sầu got a guide khổng lồ the best Dota 2 heroes for beginners.



There are five heroes on each team, và there are five sầu different roles that every team needs lớn cover: two supports (positions four & five), offlaner (position three), mid (position two), và carry (position one). The role you play in each match determines which lane you begin in, và what is expected of you throughout the game.

The position five sầu support begins the game in the safe lane (that’s bottom for Radiant, top for Dire) alongside the position one carry. The position four và the offlaner hang out together in the offlane (bottom for Dire, top for Radiant) và the mid goes… well, no prizes for guessing where.

The carry hero is the anh hùng that will be spending their time farming powerful items, và have sầu first dibs on the safest & easiest farm on the map. When they get themselves a powerful tác phẩm, that’s a huge power spike for your team, so that’s a good time to lớn fight.The mid hero is the hero that will be given the most experience in the early game, because they start in a lane by themselves. This means they’re in a good place khổng lồ impact other lanes & exert pressure on the maps.The offlaner is usually a tanky hero, with abilities & items that benefit the team by initiating fights and providing sustain. In the lane, you want khổng lồ make things as tough for the opposing carry as possible.The position four support is a very adaptable role; after teaming up with the offlaner lớn bully the enemy carry, they will roam across the map, secure runes, stachồng camps, & use their abilities to help their teammates or initiate fights.The position five sầu support is tasked with looking after their safe lane carry, & ensuring the team has good vision across the maps.


Phases of a Dota 2 Match

Early Game

The start of the game is called the laning phase – basically, everyone goes to lớn their assigned lanes, & attempts to lớn secure or deny last-hits on the creeps as they clash together. In each lane, it’s important to focus on last-hitting the creeps over anything else, unless you’re a tư vấn, in which case your job is to help out with denying creeps, and to attachồng the enemies as they try to lớn last hit – this is called ‘harassing’. Any kills you can secure here are great, but they’re not the primary focus.

Mid Game

This is where heroes begin lớn leave sầu their lanes & move around the map, adjusting khổng lồ how their respective sầu lanes have panned out. Your carry và mid will hopefully have sầu a few items, và a few towers will probably have been destroyed. What happens here is very dependent on what kind of heroes you & the other team have sầu – you might push aggressively, look for fights, or decide to farm more items.

Late Game

The late game is when your cores are ready to fight, after farming their big items. There’s a lot of teamfighting, và the focus is on major objectives, lượt thích taking the final buildings or Roshan.


Dota 2 items

Items are bought from the Base Shop or the Secret Shop. Items must be in one of your six Inventory slots lớn be active sầu or usable, but you also have sầu a Backpack, with four slots for inactive sầu items; you can swap these in whenever you lượt thích, but there is a cooldown before you can use them. You also have sầu a Stash bachồng in the base, which has six slots – items you buy from the Base Shop will go here until you collect them yourself or sover a courier to lớn collect them for you.

You also have sầu a separate slot for your TP scroll, và a slot for a neutral vật phẩm. Dota 2 neutral items drop from neutral creeps in the jungle – you can use any neutral nhà cửa found by your team, unlượt thích normal items, which typically can’t be used by your allies (apart from some consumables, và wards).

There is no one single correct thành công build for each nhân vật – the best items for the game vary depending on the particular challenges you face in each match. However, while you’re new khổng lồ the game, use the suggested item build khổng lồ get to lớn grips with buying & using items.

You begin each game with 600 gold, & you should use it to lớn kit yourself out with items before the game begins. Your build guide will indicate what you should buy, but in general, you should start with at least a few items to lớn regenerate your health and mana, so you can stay fighting fit for the first crucial creep waves.

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Now you’re ready lớn give sầu it a go yourself – or at least watch professional matches with a newfound appreciation. If playing with other people proves too much for you, here’s the best RTS games on PC – but even if that breaks you out inlớn a cold sweat, there’s always a menu of the best relaxing games lớn retire inlớn.

Chuyên mục: Tin Tức