Pls vs ips

     

There are many different types of LCD panel technologies used in the production of LCD monitors. They range from budget TN panels to expensive, professional unique H-IPS & MVA panels. The average consumer usually has no idea what LCD panel công nghệ is used in their LCD. In fact, many power users are also unaware because the panel type is not often advertised in a prominent area. Sometimes the panel type is even absent from the monitor specifications.

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Many users buy monitors based solely on how much it will lighten their wallets. Price should be a factor, but you should still be aware of the advantages và disadvantages of all the different LCD panel types và be able khổng lồ identify them before you decide which màn hình lcd is best for you.

IPS Panel Technology

IPS (In Plane Switching) panels are generally considered the best overall LCD technology for image quality, màu sắc accuracy & viewing angles. They are well suited for graphics design và other applications which require accurate và consistent màu sắc reproduction. IPS panels offer the best viewing angles of any current LCD technology, with wide viewing angles up khổng lồ 178 degrees.

All these benefits raise IPS monitors to a higher price range compared lớn VA and especially affordable TN panel LCDs. The response time of IPS is adequate, averaging around 4ms lớn 8ms with modern IPS technology. This is only slightly slower than TN panels. However, gamers should take this into consideration. Fast paced games may suffer from motion blur or ghosting with IPS panels that have a response time higher than 8ms.

S-IPS panels can often be identified buy a slight purple hue on blacks when viewed from a wide angle. There are currently few manufacturers using S-IPS panels in comparison lớn the other panels types making choices limited và they often carry a premium price tag. H-IPS is a newer variation of S-IPS with a different pixel structure that improves contrast ratios & lowers pixel pitch to lớn provide better picture quality. New IPS panel types lượt thích H-IPS introduced a problem known as "IPS glow". The less obtrusive purple hue present when viewing older S-IPS technology off angle was replaced with a brighter white/yellow tinge that is harsher and more noticeable by comparison, especially in a dark room. IPS glow is the main drawback of this panel type và many users find it to be a deal breaker.

There are various iterations of IPS panels with new và improved versions releasing over time, for example: S-IPS, H-IPS, e-IPS, P-IPS, AH-IPS, AHVA & Nano IPS. They"re all relatively similar regarding the giải pháp công nghệ they use, though H-IPS introduced a slightly different px structure from S-IPS và the majority of e-IPS panels only offer 6-bit màu sắc depth. IPS LCD monitors are a suitable stopgap display technology until OLED monitors are commercially viable. If you"re in the market for a monitor that uses IPS giải pháp công nghệ you can review our comprehensive list of IPS monitors before choosing.

Top Rated IPS Gaming Monitors

Small BudgetAcer Nitro VG271
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Cheap 144Hz IPS Monitor
Medium BudgetLG 27GL83A-B
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Best Value IPS for Gaming
Large BudgetAcer Predator XB273K
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144Hz 4K IPS with Quantum Dot

What is Super PLS?Super PLS (Plane khổng lồ Line Switching) is a proprietary LCD panel type developed by Samsung that is very similar in design & construction khổng lồ IPS panel technology. Samsung has made claims stating Super PLS panels have wider viewing angles & produce 10% more brightness than IPS displays while being cheaper to produce. The 27" Samsung S27A850D was the first lcd monitor released lớn make use of Super PLS.

What is AHVA?Yet another proprietary "IPS-like" panel type that offers similar performance khổng lồ PLS. Developed by AUO, AHVA is short for Advanced Hyper-Viewing Angle. The acronym can be slightly confusing as AHVA technology will sometimes be mixed up with Vertical Alignment (VA, see below) even though it makes use of In-Plane Switching (IPS).

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What is Nano IPS?Nano IPS is LG"s latest iteration to the panel type that offers a wider màu sắc gamut (135% sRGB) thanks lớn a layer of "nanoparticles" applied directly khổng lồ the W-LED backlighting system of Nano IPS panels (unlike Quantum Dot, which uses a film layer between the panel and backlight). This panel type is also capable of faster response times (typically 1ms) & higher refresh rates; though this is more of a generational IPS improvement, not traits specific to lớn Nano IPS. AUO has also developed their own panel type similar to Nano IPS that has been dubbed Rapid IPS.

VA Panel Technology

VA (Vertical Alignment) giải pháp công nghệ such as S-PVA/MVA are middle of the road LCD panels. They offer better màu sắc reproduction và wider viewing angles than TN panels, but have slower response times. They are very similar lớn S-IPS on paper. They also offer large viewing angles & good màu sắc reproduction, though not as good as IPS panels. The response times are generally worse than TN or IPS panels & there have been reports of a few VA panels that suffer from đầu vào lag, so VA công nghệ is not be the best choice for fast paced gaming.

VA panels have the advantage of higher contrast ratios compared lớn other panel types, which leads to lớn better đen levels. The biggest disadvantage of VA based panels is color shifting. Color shifting is when the image viewed from one angle changes or "shifts" when viewed from a slightly different angle, making various uneven brightness levels across the display. This bothers many users lớn the point they will not even consider buying a VA based panel, while other users don"t notice or aren"t bothered by the color shifting. Màu sắc shifts also cause a loss of shadow detail in dark scenes when viewed directly from the center.

VA panels are much easier to find compared lớn IPS since so many manufacturers utilize them for LCD monitors & other displays such as large HDTVs. They offer better image chất lượng than TN at a lower price point than IPS panels. Update: IPS has recently exploded in popularity. They have now overtaken VA monitors in regards lớn availability and lower price. However, the majority of TV manufacturers still use VA because of the higher contrast ratios & better black levels offered by VA panels.

TN Panel Technology

TN (Twisted Nematic) panels are the most widely used panel type in the manufacture of budget LCD monitors. TN panels are generally cheaper và offer excellent response times, making them perfect for fast paced gaming. The response times of current TN panels can reach as low as 1ms. For comparison, even the fastest IPS panels have trouble averaging below 5ms. Unfortunately the màu sắc reproduction, viewing angles and contrast ratios of TN panels are the worst of any modern LCD panel technology.

Unlike most 8-bit IPS/VA based panels, TN is only 6-bit & unable khổng lồ display the full 16.7 million colors available in 24-bit true color. They can mimic the 16.7 million colors of 8-bit panels using a technique called dithering, but the results are unimpressive. TN panels became popular with the average computer user because they are very inexpensive và once dominated the LCD display market in availability (though IPS and VA have become more widespread over recent years).

Summary of LCD Panel Technologies

S-IPS, H-IPS, Super PLS, AHVA and other IPS-type panels are generally considered the best all around panel type, but they are more expensive và very few are made. High end, expensive.S-PVA/MVA/VA panels offer better màu sắc reproduction và viewing angles than TN panels, have slightly worse response times than TN or IPS, offer the best contrast ratios, may suffer from màu sắc shifting or input đầu vào lag và have higher availability than IPS và Super PLS panels. Mid range, fair price.TN panels are very cheap and have the fastest response times, but suffer from inferior màu sắc reproduction, contrast ratios và viewing angles. The majority of LCD monitors produced use TN panels. Low end, inexpensive.Update 2: November, 2020 - IPS panel manufacturers have developed major advancements over the past couple years leading to much higher refresh rates for IPS type monitors. Not long ago a 165Hz refresh rate was considered đứng đầu of the line; now IPS panels are beling released with refresh rates as high as 360Hz và 240Hz is fairly common/affordable. These high refresh IPS monitors have started closing the gap between TN monitors as far as responsiveness and motion blur is concerned.

Update: As of 2016, much of this information still applies, though prices of IPS-based displays have dropped & they"re more readily available. VA panels have also seen improvements to their responsiveness/input lag. Many users now view VA performance và image quality as on par or close lớn IPS. TN is still the cheapest & most used panel type with the best responsiveness, least motion blur and worst viewing angles/image quality.


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