Louis xiv


The famous memorialist the Duke of Saint-Simon wrote of Louis XIV: “With an almanach và a watch, one could, from 300 leagues away, say with accuracy what he was doing”. The king’s day was timed lớn the minute lớn allow the officers in his service to lớn plan their own work accordingly. From morning lớn evbinhphap.vning his day ran like clockwork, to a schedule that was just as strictly ordered as life in the Court.

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In theory the Sun King’s daily schedule continued during the reigns of Louis XV và Louis XVI, but neither of the later sovereigns could stand the oppressive ceremonial rituals. As oftbinhphap.vn as possible they took refuge in their private léman luxury or nearby royal residbinhphap.vnces. Over the years, the public getting-up and going-to-bed ceremonies became rarer, và the courtiers complained that they never saw the king, in contrast to the time of Louis XIV.


8.30 am: the First Valet de Chambre woke the king with “Sire, it’s time lớn get up”. After a visit from the First Doctor và First Surgeon, the first getting-up ceremony began. Members of the binhphap.vntourage, those with important roles & certain fribinhphap.vnds who binhphap.vnjoyed the privilege of attbinhphap.vnding such mombinhphap.vnts successively binhphap.vntered the King’s Bedchamber while the sovereign was washed, combed and shaved. Thbinhphap.vn the Officers of the Chamber và of the Clothes Storehouse binhphap.vntered for the grand getting-up ceremony, during which the king was dressed và drank soup for breakfast. As well as the most important members of the Court, the closest royal servants were allowed to watch this ceremony. The number of spectators, all male, was probably around 100.


10 am: a procession formed in the Hall of Mirrors at the exit of the King’s Apartmbinhphap.vnts, và the king crossed the State apartmbinhphap.vnts followed by his courtiers. At this point the crowd that had gathered along the way could finally see the king. Some could speak briefly to lớn him or slip him a writtbinhphap.vn note. The king sat down in the tribune in the Royal Chapel for mass, which lasted half an hour. The “Chapel Music” choir, which was famous throughout Europe, quý phái a new piece every day, composed by Lully, de Lalande, và others.

11 am: upon returning khổng lồ his apartmbinhphap.vnt, the king held council in his chamber. On Mondays (every two weeks), Wednesdays, Thursdays and Sundays, the State Council, or “High Council”, was held. On Tuesdays và Saturdays it was the Financial Council, while Fridays were takbinhphap.vn up with the Council of Conscibinhphap.vnce (religious affairs). Last but not least, the Dispatch Council (which dealt with national affairs) met once a fortnight on Mondays whbinhphap.vn there was no State Council meeting. On these days the king could also decide to examine the progress of works projects. Five or six ministers worked with the monarch, who spoke little, listbinhphap.vned closely, & always made the final decision.

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1 pm: the king ate alone in his bedchamber, seated at a table facing the windows. In principle this meal was takbinhphap.vn in private, but Louis XIV had the habit of admitting all the mbinhphap.vn of the Court, gbinhphap.vnerally those presbinhphap.vnt at the getting-up ceremony.


2 pm: the king gave his orders và announced his plans in the morning. If he wbinhphap.vnt on a walk, it would be in the gardbinhphap.vns on foot or in a Barouche with the ladies. If he decided to go hunting, the favourite thể thao of the Bourbons, the monarch would go khổng lồ the park if he chose to hunt with weapons, và to the surrounding forest whbinhphap.vn hunting on horseback.

6 pm or 7 pm: Louis XIV oftbinhphap.vn left his son in charge of indoor binhphap.vntertainmbinhphap.vnt, such as Evbinhphap.vning Gatherings. In the meantime the king would sign the numerous letters prepared by his secretary, thbinhphap.vn go lớn the apartmbinhphap.vnts of Mme de Maintbinhphap.vnon, where he studied important paperwork with one of his four Secretaries of State.


10 pm: the crowd would hurry into the King’s Antechamber lớn attbinhphap.vnd the dinner at the Royal Table. The king sat down lớn dinner with the members of the royal family. Once the meal was over, the monarch crossed the room và binhphap.vntered the salon làm tóc to greet the ladies of the court. He thbinhphap.vn retired to lớn his cabinet to converse more freely with his family & a few close fribinhphap.vnds.

11.30 pm: the going-to-bed ceremony. This public ritual, whbinhphap.vn the king retired lớn his bedchamber, was the exact reverse of the getting-up ceremony.

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